6. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition that affects the bones by causing them to become weak. An estimated three million people in the UK have osteoporosis and it is responsible for over 230,000 fractures annually.

Bone structural integrity is maintained by removal of old bone by osteoclasts and synthesis of new bone in its place by osteoblasts. This process, called bone remodeling, is accomplished by assembly of osteoclasts and osteoblasts into discrete temporary anatomic structures called basic multicellular units. Bone loss caused by sex steroid (oestrogens and testosterone) deficiency or glucocorticoid excess is caused by alteration of bone cell production, and by prolongation of osteoclast activity and shortening osteoblast lifespan. Osteoporosis occurs more commonly in the older person as the body becomes less able to replace worn-out bone tissue.

Bony material is progressively lost and the bones become thinner in middle and old age. The bones become fragile and more likely to break especially the spine, wrist and hips.

Contrary to popular belief and despite NICE mentioning only women in its documents, osteoporosis affects both sexes. Caring for bone health and taking measures to prevent osteoporosis are therefore just as important as the diagnosis and treatment.

 
Your Bone Care Team at Pasley Road Health Centre:
Clinical Lead: Dr Teck Khong
Nurse Advisor: Sr Carol Nicholson
Technical Assistant: Miss Leigh-Anne Davies

Assessing bone density in the community

Assessing bone density in the community

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bone is a living tissue made of a hard outer shell, which contains a honeycomb mesh of tough elastic fibres called collagen, minerals, blood vessels and bone marrow. Healthy bones are very dense, and the honeycomb spaces within bones are small. In bones affected by osteoporosis, the spaces are larger with the bones being thinner and therefore correspondingly weaker.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

One Response

  1. I have a grandmother that is like 80+ years old and suffering from osteoporis. We usually give her some fortified milk that contains high amounts of calcium, magnesium and vitamin-D.,

    My own internet page
    http://www.foodsupplementdigest.com/liquid-melatonin-for-children/

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: